Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. The food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals to your pancreas to release insulin. Insulin acts like a key to let the blood sugar into your body’s cells for use as energy.
If you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use the insulin properly. When there isn’t enough insulin, too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream. Over time, that can cause serious health problems, such as kidney disease, heart disease, vision loss and many more complications.
There isn’t a cure yet for diabetes, but losing weight, eating healthy food, and being active can really help. Taking medicine as needed, attending diabetes education, and keeping health care appointments can also reduce the impact of diabetes on your life.
There are 3 main types of diabetes:
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/diabetes.html
Looking for more information about diabetes and resources in the state of South Dakota? Click the link below to access the SD Diabetes Coalition website.